This module introduces students to representations of men on horseback (or out of the saddle!) in literature, arts, popular artefacts and publications, caricatures, animations, and films in Italy since 1861, and considers how images of cavalrymen and knights were received, transformed, appropriated and re-adapted by single authors and artists, cultural movements, and political powers. Students will look at a very broad range of primary sources from 1861 to the present by both canonical and lesser-known Italian writers, artists, and directors, and will learn how to connect and interpret written and visual images through the lenses of various theories.